Crypto Investor's Cheat Sheet

Crypto Investor Cheat Sheet

The crypto market has become diversified within a decade. Most people already face trouble understanding the crypto market. And the market has now introduced a range of concepts that can leave even the most experienced investors scratching their heads. Investors need to understand these terms so they may properly position their investments.

The Fundamentals of Blockchain and Cryptocurrency

Blockchain is the most commonly used term that works as the backbone of this ecosystem. Blockchain is a distributed ledger that maintains a record of transactions processed over time. The transactions are stored in blocks that are connected to each other in the form of a chain.

Decentralization – A blockchain network uses an extensive network of nodes to eliminate the intermediaries and establish trust among users.

Consensus Mechanism – Consensus mechanisms are a crucial part of the blockchain network as they ensure the security and efficiency of the network. Proof-of-Work consensus is best known for its security while Proof-of-Stake is best known for its scalability.

Cryptocurrency: The Digital Asset

Cryptocurrencies are similar to traditional currencies as they’re used for the transfer of value. However, they eliminate the need for intermediaries like banks. Each blockchain network has its own cryptocurrency that is used for peer-to-peer transactions within the network.

Utility Tokens – Utility tokens are used to access different services, products, or other features within the platform.

Security Tokens – These tokens provide users with ownership of the project. Like traditional securities, they also offer dividends or other incentives.

Initial Coin Offerings

Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) are pretty much similar to Initial Public Offerings (IPO). The startups can raise funds for the project by issuing crypto tokens to investors. However, investors can become a victim of a scam while investing in these ICOs.

Trading and Market Dynamics

Crypto Investment

Investors need to have a comprehensive understanding of trading strategies before delving into this landscape.

Crypto Exchanges

There are two types of crypto exchanges that support the trading of digital assets.

Centralized Exchange – Centralized exchanges are popular among beginners as their features are similar to traditional exchanges. But they always have a risk of hacking attacks as they’re controlled by centralized entities.

Decentralized Exchange – These exchanges offer an extensive level of security but the investors need to spend some time understanding the features of these exchanges. The best thing about decentralized exchanges is that the users don’t have to wait for the seller/buyer. They can simply swap the tokens from a liquidity pool.

Candlestick Charts and Technical Analysis

Candlestick charts provide details about the historical price movements of crypto assets. The investors can incorporate technical analysis to plan their next moves.

Support and Resistance Levels

Support represents the area on the candlestick chart where most buyers are interested in buying the asset. Similarly, resistance highlights the area where most investors are interested in selling their assets to take a profit.

Bull Market – When the price of an asset is consistently moving toward the upside, it’s considered a bull market.

Bear Market – When the price is consistently moving downward, it’s considered a bear market.

Cryptocurrency Projects and Terminology

Crypto Investor Cheat Sheet

Investors can easily navigate through the diverse landscape of the crypto market if they understand the terminologies associated with crypto projects.

Whitepaper – Whitepaper highlights the economic, technical, and philosophical aspects of the crypto project. The investors can collect all the important details about the project using this document.

Roadmap – As the name suggests, a roadmap provides a visual representation of the goals the team is willing to achieve over time.

Mainnet – Mainnet is the fully functional version of the blockchain project.

Hard Fork – A hard fork is a modified version of an already existing blockchain that works independently. This project is launched in an attempt to resolve the issues found in the original blockchain network.

Soft Fork – Unlike a hard fork, a soft fork doesn’t create a new blockchain. In this method, some changes are made to the existing blockchain to address the users’ concerns.

Decentralized Applications (DApps) – Decentralized applications are an advanced version of traditional applications. They provide immutability, transparency, and security because they operate on a decentralized network.

Smart Contracts – Smart contracts eliminate the need for intermediaries while allowing two parties to establish a contract. These are self-executing contracts that enforce the terms of an agreement.

Security and Privacy

Security is the primary concern of most investors in the dynamic realm of cryptocurrencies. Investors need to have a comprehensive understanding of the associated terms to ensure the security of their assets.

Private Key – The private key is the secret code that provides users with access to their crypto assets.

Public Key – A Public Key is a cryptographic address that users can share with other blockchain users to receive funds.

Cold Wallet – A cold wallet is an offline wallet that is used to store crypto tokens. It’s less vulnerable to hacking attacks because it’s not connected to the internet.

Hot Wallet – The hot wallet provides quick access to funds because it’s connected to the internet. This type of wallet is suitable for active traders.

Two-Factor Authentication (2FA) – The users can add an extra layer of security to their wallet or account to protect their funds.

Privacy Coins and Anonymity – Privacy coins hide the sender and receiver’s details, as well as the transaction amounts, with the help of advanced cryptographic techniques.


In the ever-evolving realm of cryptocurrencies, knowledge is paramount. Equipped with these essential insights, investors can confidently traverse the intricacies of blockchain, trading strategies, security measures, and project dynamics. As the crypto landscape continues to shape the financial future, understanding these fundamentals paves the way for informed decisions and successful ventures.

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